*Flags - The flags on this page correspond to the location of where either a math game originated or the place an author currently resides. The main purpose of this was due to the fact that it is quite difficult at times to find Canadian and Saskatchewan content to teach in the classroom. Hopefully, by adding flags, I have taken some of the guess work out of identifying where resources are coming from.


To view learning objectives and outcomes from the Evergreen curriculum, click here

Games from the Aboriginal People of North America

The various games below had been taken from the above website. They were complied by Karen Arnason, Mhairi (Vi) Maeers, Judith McDonald and Harley Weston. The games themselves (in the pictures) were constructed by Christine Treptau.


picaria3.jpgOrigin: Pueblo Nation in New Mexico american-flag.4860808.jpg
Players: 2
Materials Needed: Leather or construction paper - board: stones or coins - counters (2 sets of 3 per board).
Players take turns placing one counter at a time on an empty dot on the board. When they have all been placed, the players take turns moving one counter at a time along any line to the next empty point. Jumping over a counter is not allowed. A player wins by having three counters in a row.
Math Content: Problem Solving, Critical Thinking
Grade(s): 2 - 5 approx.

For more information about Picaria, click here


hubbub.jpgOrigin: Arapaho of Oklahoma american-flag.4860808.jpg
Players: 2 players or teams
Materials Needed: 5 stones (3 - stars, 2 - x's); 50 popsicle sticks or toothpicks - counters; basket (to store materials in)
Instructions: Take turns tossing the stones that are thrown and collecting the corresponding point values. Certain patterns on the stones correspond to point values. The object is to get the most counting sticks. The game ends when all 50 of the counters are gone.

Pattern Shown
1 of either
2 x's
3 stars & 2 blanks
2 x's & 3 blanks
4 marked sides up
5 blank sides up
5 marked sides up
*any other combination scores 0 points

Math Content: Probability, Patterns and Relations, Data Management
Grade(s): 3 - 6 approx.

For more information about Hubbub, click here

Kutepuchkunuputuk - Stick Guessing

Origin: Plains Cree saskatchewan-flag-large.png
Players: 2
Materials Needed: 39 wood strips or twigs about 18 inches in length.
Instructions: One player divides the sticks into two bundles. One bundle needs to have one more stick than the other. The other player needs to guess which bundle has more sticks. If the player is wrong, the two switch roles. The object of the game is to correctly guess four times in a row to win.
Math Content: Estimation and Critical Thinking
Grade Level: 2 - 4 approx.

For more information about Kutepuchkunuputk, click here

Stick Dice

stickdice.jpgOrigin: Pomo Indians California american-flag.4860808.jpg
Players: 2 players of teams
Materials Needed: 6 tongue depressors or popsicle sticks used as dice; 12 toothpicks - counting sticks
Instructions: The players take turns tossing the stick dice onto the ground and keep score using the 12 counting sticks (blue in left picture). Different combinations will score different point values. At the start of the game, the counting sticks should be on a pile on the ground. The players collect sticks from the pile until it is used up, and then collect from each other. The first player to earn all 12 counting sticks is the winner.

Blank Side Up
Painted Side Up
*any other combination scores 0 points

Math Content: Data Management, Probability, Patterns and Relations, Numbers and Operations.
Grade Level: 2 - 5 approx.

For more information about Stick Dice, click here

Throw Sticks

throwstick1.jpgOrigin: Apaches in the Southwest american-flag.4860808.jpg
Players: 2
Materials Needed: 40 stones for circle (see first picture); 3 sticks; 2 feathers (shells, sticks, etc.) for place markers.
Instructions: Toss the 3 sticks down in the center of the circle. Move the place marker according to the points received around the stones. Each stone counts as one point. If a person's marker lands on or passes another's marker, the person passed over must go to the starting point. Different combinations will will score different point values. The first player to move around the circle past all 40 stones wins the game.

10 points
2 blank sides, 1 painted side up
1 point
1 blank side, 2 painted sides up
3 points
3 painted ssiides up
5 points
Math Content: Probability, Patterns and Relations, Numbers and Operations (Place Value), Data Management.
Grade Level: 3 - 6/7 approx.

For more information about Throw Sticks, click here

Ahkitaskoomnahmahtowinaopaloopakepashoh - Counting Sticks

gusrufjsOrigin: Plains Cree - Muskowpetung First Nation - Qu'appelle Saskatchewan saskatchewan-flag-large.png
Players: An even number of players
Materials Needed: 25 wood strips or twigs about 19 inches in lengh
Instructions: The players are divided into two groups sitting opposite each other. One player begins by secretly dividing the bundle of splints into two bundles, one in each hand. If his opponent chooses the bundle with an even number of sticks they wins and gains a point, otherwise they loses and the play passes to the next couple. Play continues until one of the parties decides to stop. The group with the most points wins.
Math Content: Odds and Evens. Students learn that odd plus even is odd, odd minus odd is even.
Grade Level: 2 - 4/5 approx.


For more information about Ahkitaskoomnahmahtowinaopaloopakepashoh - Counting Sticks, click here

Chekutnak - Stick Dice


Origin: Plains Cree (Piapot Reserve) [[image:file/view/saskatchewan-flag-large.png width="33" height="22"]]saskatchewan-flag-large.png
Players: 2 - 10
Materials Needed: 4 Large sticks (2"x12") to used as dice; sticks or reeds - tally sticks (14 per person)
Instructions: Each player before the game starts, the tally sticks (smaller - 10 points, larger - 1 point) are divided amongst the number of people playing. To being the game, each person takes a turn throwing one dice (large stick) and the person who gets a blank side up will start the game. The starting player throws all of the dice into the air and tries to score points according to the patterns (2 dice with crossed (c) patterns and 2 with straight (s) patterns) that the dice land in. If the player scores points, they collect that many tally sticks from all of the opposing players and if no points are scored, play continues to next person. The object of the game is to collect all of the tally sticks from the other players. If a player does lose all of their tally sticks before the game is over, they have one more chance to score before they are out of the game.
All 4 painted sides up
All 4 blank sides up
2 blank & 2 C painted
2 blank & 2 S painted
*any other combination scores 0 points

Math Content: Probability, Patterns and Relations, Data Management
Grade Level: 3 - 6/7 approx.

For more information about Chekutnak - Stick Dice, click here

"Wa'lade hama'gan" - Bowl & Dice

bowldice.jpgOrigin: Penobscot Nation in Maine american-flag.4860808.jpg
Players: 2
Materials Needed: 6 stones to used as dice, 56 narrow sticks; 4 flat sticks (Chief sticks - feathers attached in left picture), 1 crooked stick, wooden bowl or basket.
Instructions: The object of the game is to acquire as many sticks as possible then bankrupt your opponent. There are three phases to the game (see link below for more detailed instructions). First, players try to accumulate as many sticks as possible to create a primary pile. Second, players need to move their sticks into a treasure pile. And then the third phase of the game occurs when one player has enough markers in their second pile to bankrupt the opponent.
Math Content: Probability, Patterns and Relations, Numbers and Operations, Data Management
Grade Level: 4 - 7/8 approx.

For more information about "Wa'lade hama'gan" - Bowl & Dice, click here

Stick Game

stickgame.jpgOrigin: Blackfoot Nation in Montana american-flag.4860808.jpg
Players: 2 players or teams
Materials Needed: 4 popsicle sticks to used as dice, 12 toothpicks to used as counting sticks.
Instructions: One player holds the 4 stick dice in their hand and then drops them to the ground. This player keeps tossing until they toss a 0 point value. Certain patterns correspond to certain point values. Players take the tally sticks first from the pile then, once the pile is gone, from each other. The object of the game is to earn all 12 tally sticks.
external image moz-screenshot.png
Math Content: Probability, Patterns and Relations, Data management
Grade Level: 3 - 6 approx.

For more information about the Stick Game, click here

Ball & Triangle

ball&triangle.jpgOrigin: Penobscot Nation in Maine american-flag.4860808.jpg
Players: Individual Game
Materials Needed: Heavy cardboard or wood; string; a large bead or ball
Instructions: The player holds the triangle on the side opposite to the corner attached to the string. The object of the game is to get the ball to drop into the hole by tossing the ball into the air.
Math Content: Probability and Coordination
Grade Level: 1 - 5 approx.

For more information about Ball & Triangle, click here

Stick Flipping

stickflipping.jpgOrigin: Plains Cree saskatchewan-flag-large.png
Players: 2+
Materials Needed: Large pole approximately 18 inches long (four flat sides and two pointed ends) and tally sticks.
Instructions: Tally sticks are divided up equally amongst the players. One player begins by stepping on the end of the stick it and making it flip into the air. If it doesn't flip, the player can try again. The score depends on the side of the stick that lands facing up. Once points are scored, the player collects this amount in tally sticks from their opponents. The first person to get all four points wins the game.
Stick Side
4 (wins the game)
Math Content: Probability and Data Management
Grade Level: 3 - 6 approx.

*Since this activity involves the flipping of a stick, discretion needs to be taken in regards to location of game as well as the age of the students involved.

For more information about Stick Flipping, click here


awithlaknannai.jpgOrigin: Zuni Indians of New Mexico american-flag.4860808.jpg
Players: 2
Materials Needed: Leather or construction paper to make board, stones for counters.
Instructions: Place the counters on the game board as shown on the diagram below. The center point should be the only open spot. Players take turns moving. A player can move in one of two ways: by either moving one of their counters to an adjacent point along a straight line or jump over and capture an adjacent counter of the opponent provided that the next space is open. A player can continue jumping with a particular counter until there are no more open counters to capture. If the opportunity arises for a player to jump their opponents counter and they do not do so, they lose their counter to their opponent. The winner of the game is the player who has captured the most counters.
Math Content: Problem Solving, Critical Thinking
Grade Level: 3 - 6/7 approx.

For more information about Awithlaknannai, click here

String Game

string_games.jpgOrigin: Inuit canada_flag.jpg and Navajoamerican-flag.4860808.jpg
Players: 1 - 2
Materials Needed: Nylon cord or any string (approx.2 meters in length) that is melted or tied together.
Instructions: Due to the variety of patterns in existence, the possibilities are endless. However, a list of websites with examples and how to videos can be found by clicking here
Math Content: Patterns and Relations, Geometry, Problem Solving
Grade Level: 2/3 - 6 approx.

For more information about Stick Game, click here

Additional Ideas
Counting Beads
  • Can tie knots in the string for specific number of beads (ex. counting by 2's, 3's, 5's 10's etc.)

Jingle Dress Beads - can be used as counters or manipulatives for various activities.


Numbers 1 to 10 - written in English and Cree and numerical value displayed in beads.

English Language Arts

Saskatchewan Evergreen Curriculum: Language Arts for Aboriginal and Metis Students
  • This above link is just an additional resource to integrating First Nations and Metis Content into the curriculum throughout all grade levels.

The below Language Arts resources can be used within a variety of subjects as well as within this subject area.

Aboriginal Children's LiteratureAlphabetical by Author
Edward Ahenakewsaskatchewan-flag-large.png

Freda Ahenakewsaskatchewan-flag-large.png
  • Wisahkecahk Flies To The Moon
  • Two Little Girls Lost In The Bush
  • How The Birch Tree Got Its Stripes (also written by G. Littlechild)
  • How The Mouse Got Brown Teeth (also written by G. Littlechild)

Jan Andrewscanada_flag.jpg

Kathi Appelt american-flag.4860808.jpg

Jeannette Armstrongcanada_flag.jpg

Jim Arnoskyamerican-flag.4860808.jpg

Michael Arvaarluk Kusugak canada_flag.jpg

Dale Auger canada_flag.jpg

Jim Aylesworthamerican-flag.4860808.jpg

Adam Ballantynecanada_flag.jpg
  • Wisakyjak and the New World

Bill Ballantynecanada_flag.jpg

Michael Bania american-flag.4860808.jpg
  • Kumak's Fish

Christel Barbercanada_flag.jpg
  • A Metis Wedding

Margaret Bateson - Hill britishflag.jpg

Daphne "Odjig" Beavon canada_flag.jpg
  • Nanabush... - Ginn Reading Series
    • and the Rabbit, and Mandomin, and the Spirit of Winter, and the Spirit of Thunder, and the Dancing Ducks, punsihes the Raccoon, and the Wild Rosebushes, loses his Eyeballs

David Bouchard canada_flag.jpg

Jan Bourdeau Waboose canada_flag.jpg

Eleanor Brass saskatchewan-flag-large.png
  • Medicine Boy and Other Cree Tales

Fred Bruemmer canada_flag.jpg
  • Children of the North

William Roy Brownridge saskatchewan-flag-large.png

Joseph Bruchacamerican-flag.4860808.jpg

Eve Buntingamerican-flag.4860808.jpg

Wilfred Burtonsaskatchewan-flag-large.png

Jeanne Bushey - born inamerican-flag.4860808.jpg, immigrated tocanada_flag.jpg

Michael J. Caduto american-flag.4860808.jpg & Joseph Bruchac american-flag.4860808.jpg

Maria Campbell saskatchewan-flag-large.png
  • Little Badger and the Fire Spirit
  • People of the Buffalo
  • Riel's People

Nicola Campbell canada_flag.jpg

Anne Cameron canada_flag.jpg
  • April Raintree

Veronika Martenova Charlescanada_flag.jpg

Lynn Cherryamerican-flag.4860808.jpg

Elizabeth Cleaver canada_flag.jpg

Judith Coleamerican-flag.4860808.jpg

Penny Condonsaskatchewan-flag-large.png
  • My Family

Jean Craighead Georgeamerican-flag.4860808.jpg

Allan Crowcanada_flag.jpg

Beth & Stan Cutlandsaskatchewan-flag-large.png

Lydia Dabcovichcanada_flag.jpg

Debby Dahl-Edwardsonamerican-flag.4860808.jpg

Father Jean De Brebeuf canada_flag.jpg

Sandra De Coteau Ortiecanada_flag.jpg

Deborah l. Delaronde canada_flag.jpg
  • Flour Sack Flora
  • Flour Sack Friends

Monica Devineamerican-flag.4860808.jpg

Kim Doneramerican-flag.4860808.jpg

Leah Dorionsaskatchewan-flag-large.png

Lois Duncan (Shonto Begay)american-flag.4860808.jpg

Mindy Dwyer american-flag.4860808.jpg

Earl Einarson canada_flag.jpg

Peter Eyvindson saskatchewan-flag-large.png
  • The Night Rebecca Stayed Too Late
  • The Yesterday Stone
  • Red Parka Mary
  • The Missing Sun
  • Jon & The Great One
  • Kyle's Bath
  • Old Enough
  • A Crow named Joe

Sherry Farrell Racette saskatchewan-flag-large.png
  • The Flower Beadwork People

Naif J. Faris american-flag.4860808.jpg

Joseph Jean Fauchoncanada_flag.jpg
  • The Metis Alphabet Book

John W. Friesencanada_flag.jpg

Jeff Funnellcanada_flag.jpg
  • The Riel Series

Emmett "Shkeme" Garciaamerican-flag.4860808.jpg

Carole Gerberamerican-flag.4860808.jpg

Paul Goble american-flag.4860808.jpg

Dorothy Haegertcanada_flag.jpg
  • Children of the First People

Lyn Hancock - born in australia-flag.jpg, lives in canada_flag.jpg

Ted Harrisoncanada_flag.jpg

Garnet Hewittcanada_flag.jpg

Brian Heinzamerican-flag.4860808.jpg

Tomson Highway canada_flag.jpg

Sara Hoagland-Hunter american-flag.4860808.jpg
Official Site

Will Hobbs american-flag.4860808.jpg

Suzanne Haldaneamerican-flag.4860808.jpg

Susan Jeffers american-flag.4860808.jpg

Tim Jessellcanada_flag.jpg

Barbara Joosse american-flag.4860808.jpg

Thomas King american-flag.4860808.jpg

W. P. Kinsellasaskatchewan-flag-large.png

Leanne Flett Krugercanada_flag.jpg
  • Taking Care of Mother Earth

Michael Kusugak canada_flag.jpg
Arctic Stories

Charles Larryamerican-flag.4860808.jpg

Cynthia Leitich Smith american-flag.4860808.jpg

George Littlechildcanada_flag.jpg

Jonathan Londonamerican-flag.4860808.jpg

Larry Loyie canada_flag.jpg

Brittany Marceau-Chenkiecanada_flag.jpg

Carolyn Mamchur canada_flag.jpg
  • In The Garden

Bill Martin Jr.american-flag.4860808.jpg and John Archambault american-flag.4860808.jpg

Rafe Martinamerican-flag.4860808.jpg

Becky Ray McCain american-flag.4860808.jpg

Gerald McDermott american-flag.4860808.jpg

Joseph McLeancanada_flag.jpg
  • The Birth of Nanabosho

Joe McLellancanada_flag.jpg

Elaine McLeodamerican-flag.4860808.jpg & Colleen Wood american-flag.4860808.jpg

Morningstar Mercredicanada_flag.jpg

Courtney Milnesaskatchewan-flag-large.png

Barbara Mitchell canada_flag.jpg
  • Redbird

Paul Morincanada_flag.jpg

Bonnie Murray canada_flag.jpg
  • Li Paviyon di Michif
  • Li Minoush
  • Li Saennchur Fleshii di Michif: Thomas and the Metis Sash

Sylvia Olsen canada_flag.jpg

Simon Ortiz american-flag.4860808.jpg

Jerrie Oughtonamerican-flag.4860808.jpg

Paul Owen Lewis american-flag.4860808.jpg
  • Storm Boy
  • Frog Girl

J. D. Panas saskatchewan-flag-large.png
  • The Beavers' Big House

Darrell Pelletiersaskatchewan-flag-large.png
  • The Pow-Wow
  • The Big Storm
  • Aflred's Summer
  • Lisa and Sam
  • Alfred's First Day at School

Jean Pendziwolcanada_flag.jpg

Laura Petrovellocanada_flag.jpg

Ferguson Plaincanada_flag.jpg
  • Eagle Feather: An Honour
  • Grandfather Drum
  • Rolly's Bear
  • Amikoone: Little Beaver

Thelma Poiriercanada_flag.jpg
  • The Bead Pot

Sherry Farrell Racettecanada_flag.jpg

Kevin Reedcanada_flag.jpg

Gordon Regguintiamerican-flag.4860808.jpg

Trish Fox Romancanada_flag.jpg
  • Voices Under One Sky

Peter Roopamerican-flag.4860808.jpg

E.T. Russellsaskatchewan-flag-large.png

Esther Sandersoncanada_flag.jpg

Robert San Souciamerican-flag.4860808.jpg

Chiori Santiagoamerican-flag.4860808.jpg

Allen Sappsaskatchewan-flag-large.png
  • I Heard the Drums

Murdo Scribecanada_flag.jpg
  • Murdo''s Story: A Legend from Northern Manitoba

Bruce Sealeycanada_flag.jpg
  • Cuthbert Grant and the Metis

Teri Sloatamerican-flag.4860808.jpg

Andrea Spaldingcanada_flag.jpg

Jean F. Speare saskatchewan-flag-large.png
  • The Big Tree and The Little Tree

Joanne Stanbridgeamerican-flag.4860808.jpg

Jana Stoneamerican-flag.4860808.jpg

David Suzukicanada_flag.jpg

Chief Jake Swampamerican-flag.4860808.jpg

Maria Tallchiefamerican-flag.4860808.jpg

C. J. Taylorcanada_flag.jpg

Madeline Katt Theriaultcanada_flag.jpg

Maxine Trottiercanada_flag.jpg

Jan Truss canada_flag.jpg
  • Peter's Moccasins

Richard Van Camp canada_flag.jpg

Elaine Wagner american-flag.4860808.jpg
  • Meshon & The Little One

Velma Wallisamerican-flag.4860808.jpg

Sherrin Watkinsamerican-flag.4860808.jpg

John Weiercanada_flag.jpg
  • Those Tiny Bits Of Beans

Bernelda Wheeleramerican-flag.4860808.jpg

Jordan Wheelercanada_flag.jpg

Janet Wilsoncanada_flag.jpg

Barbara Winslowamerican-flag.4860808.jpg

David Wisniewskiamerican-flag.4860808.jpg

Leo Yerxacanada_flag.jpg

Jane Yolenamerican-flag.4860808.jpg

Alphabet BooksAlphabetically by Title
A Northern Alphabet
  • Written by Ted Harrisoncanada_flag.jpg

D Is For Drum: An Alphabet of Native America
  • Written by Michael & Debbie Shouldersamerican-flag.4860808.jpg

Many Nations
  • Written by Joseph Bruchacamerican-flag.4860808.jpg

M is for Maple - Canadian Alphabet
  • Written by Mike Ulmercanada_flag.jpg

The ABC's of Our Spiritual Connection

The Metis Alphabet Book
  • Written by Joseph Fauchoncanada_flag.jpg

Emergent (Levelled) Book Sets
  • EagleCrest Bookscanada_flag.jpg- Level 1 - 16
    • Level 1: School is Fun, Going Outside, Picking Flowers, My Grandma
    • Level 2: My Buddy, My Grandpa, The Raven, Big & Little
    • Level 3: Louie's Hat, The Hungry Pony, The Water Toys, Holly's Surprise
    • Level 4: The Hawk Drum, The Eagle
    • Level 5: The Raven Necklace, Where is Fluffy?
    • Level 6: The Picnic
    • Level 7: The Lost Necklace, Helping with Baby
    • Level 8: Going to the Store, Fluffy's Accident, Helping Grandma
    • Level 9: Picking Blackberries, The Tree Fort
    • Level 10: The Best Bread, Fun on the Shed
    • Level 11: Tree Fort Adventure, Anthony's New Glasses, Crabs for Dinner
    • Level 12: Hot Moose Stew, The Dream Catcher
    • Level 13: Best Friends, Lost & Found
    • Level 14: At The Park, Going Camping
    • Level 15: A Bunny to Love, The Sleepover Party, Dean's Fish, Spear Fishing with Dad
    • Level 16: The Powwow, The Dog Sled Ride
  • Loon Bookscanada_flag.jpg (Northern Learn To Read Series)

Beginner Novels: Grades 2 - 4Alphabetically by Author
Joseph Bruchacamerican-flag.4860808.jpg
  • Eagle Song

Cora Taylorcanada_flag.jpg

Sylvia Olsencanada_flag.jpg

Intermediate Novels: Grades 4 - 8

Alphabetically by Title
Blueberry Clouds
  • Written by Rita Bouviersaskatchewan-flag-large.png

Crossing Bok Chitto: A Choctaw Tale of Friendship and Freedom
  • Written by Tim Tingleamerican-flag.4860808.jpg

Good For Nothing
  • Written by Michel Noelcanada_flag.jpg

Little Voice
  • Written by Ruby Slipperjackcanada_flag.jpg

Melanie Bluelake's Dream
  • Written by Betty Dorioncanada_flag.jpg

Sitting Bull Remembers
  • Written by Ann Turneramerican-flag.4860808.jpg

Soldier Boys
  • Written by David Richardscanada_flag.jpg

The Bannock Making Book
  • Written by Linda Ducharmecanada_flag.jpg

The Woman who Married a Bear
  • Written by Elizabeth Jamescanada_flag.jpg

Additional Resources
Metis_Book_Cover.JPG Pemmican_Front.JPG Pemmican_Reverse.JPG
The Metis Alphabet Book - Study Prints (available from the Gabriel Dumont Institute or some schools have them within their library collection) contain approx. 26 large cards with a picture depicting the letter of the alphabet on the front and additional information and activities about the topic picture on the back.

Arts Education


Drum Circles
Heartbeats - Using Drum Circles to Build Community in the Classroom.doc
Social Dances - Round Dancing.doc
  • Also can be used within the Physical Education and Social Studies curriculum



Making Native Flutes in Saskatchewan
  • Rich Dube from Saskatoon, SK has a goal that each and every student in Saskatchewan will have a Native Flute in their hand. In order to do this project in your classroom, it costs only $12 per student and all of the materials necessary come pre-made and the pipe comes pre-tuned from Rich.
  • He also provides a step by step video in making his flute which can be viewed here

Steps For Organizing Your Class to Make Northern Spirit Flutes.doc - Instructions provided by Rich Dube in regards to extra materials needed (power drill, paint etc.) as well as tips on how to set up your classroom.
Fingering Charts.doc - All of the fingerings in scale format
Flute Case Planning Sheet.doc - A design sheet for students to to create their flute design before painting
Flute Letter to Parents.doc - Pre-made letter to send home to parents/guardians
Northern Spirit Flute ABS Diagram - A 2009 - Rich Dube.doc - Instructions in regards to drill bits sizes for flute finger holes

Additional Music Resources:
Sansa Kroma and Other Songs.doc - Various Aboriginal and First Nations sheet music with activities included.
First Nations Musician List.doc - List of a variety of First Nations and Metis Artists as well as where to find their music.

Visual Art

Student Self Portraits - A project started by Sarah Longman, a Education Equity consultant with the Regina Public School Board. Students choose the top five or four things in their life that are important to them and then turn these topics to symbols and incorporate these symbols onto a canvas.
  • Canvases are easily available at various dollar stores ($1 - 2 each)
Self Portrait Instructions.doc

Teacher Resources


A Broken Flute: The Native Experience in Books for Children
  • Written by Doris Seale & Beverly Slapin
Native Reflections Magazine -

First Nations/Metis/Aboriginal Websites

Aboriginal Perspectives -
Canadian Aboriginal Books for Schools -
Gabriel Dumont Institute -